Explore Nepal’s diverse geography, a tapestry of high and low regions rivaled only by China. This Himalayan nation boasts unparalleled elevation variations, offering a unique topological blend. From the towering peaks of the Himalayas to the low-lying plains of the Terai, Nepal’s landscape is a testament to its geographical richness. Dive into the intricacies of this land, where dramatic altitude changes shape the terrain. Uncover the wonders of Nepal’s topography, a key player in its cultural and natural diversity. Experience the breathtaking contrasts that define Nepal’s geography, making it a captivating destination for nature enthusiasts and adventurers alike.
Area: 147,181 sq km (93rd largest)
Longitude: 80° and 89°E
Latitude: 26° and 31°N
Lowest point: Kechana Kawal, Jhapa district (45 m from sea level)
Highest Point: Mt. Everest Nepal-China Border, (8848 m from sea level)
Location Status: Landlocked.
Borders: India to the South, west, and east side and China to the north side
Geographically, Nepal is divided into three primary divisions; Himal, Pahad, and Terai regions. This division has distinctive characteristic features resulting in a varied landscape formation.
Himal or Mountain region (4,000 meters and above) constitutes the northern segment of Nepal and is made up of some highest points of the Great Himalayan Range. Eight of the top fourteen highest peaks in the world lie in this region. This region constitutes about 19% of the total area of Nepal.
Pahad (900 m – 4000 m) represents the hilly areas of Nepal. It is the region between the high mountains and the plain flatlands in the south. The lower Himalayan range (1,500) and the hills beyond it make up most of this region. The Pahad region constitutes about 64% of the total area of Nepal.
Terai represents the flatlands and one of the most fertile regions of Nepal. It is hot and humid most of the year, and the area consists of the inner Terai and the Chure Hill portions. This region is fed up with the major Himalayan Rivers from the North and is home to about half the population in Nepal. The Terai region constitutes about 17 % of the total area of Nepal.